Hello and welcome to Living Czech. I'm Nick Carey and I'm here with Alena Skodova. Today's theme should take you all way back. Back to school that is. What is school like for children in the Czech Republic?
Well, as in most countries, the are three stages of education. They are split as follows: základní ¹kola, literally means basic school and is the equivalent of a primary school, although children start this school aged six and attend until they are fifteen. Prior to základní ¹kola, most children, but not all, go to ¹kolka, which literally means little, or nursery school, from the age of three to six.
Základní ¹kola is followed by støední ¹kola, literally middle school, which is the equivalent of high school, and for children aged fourteen to eighteen. After this comes vysoká ¹kola, which literally means high school, which is quite confusing, as it is a university.
A class of students is a tøída, which also means a year in primary and high school. So druhá tøída is the second year of school, for children aged seven. A pupil at school is often referred to as a ¹kolák or ¾ák.
Your teacher at school is an uèitel if male, and an uèitelka if female, which is far more likely in the Czech Republic. Under the Communist regime, teachers were addressed as soudru¾ko uèitelko, or comrade teacher. This was often shortened to sou¹ko, which also means a dried-up, dead tree. Nowadays, teachers are addressed as paní uèitelko, or literally Mrs. Teacher. The shortened version of this panèelko. A form teacher is a tøidní, or class teacher.
Once Czech children reach high school, there is a grading system for all zkou¹ky, exams, or domácí úkol, homework. This system works from one to five, and works like this: a jednièka, or one, is for výborný or excellent work, a dvojka, or two, is for chvalitebný or praiseworthy work, a trojka is for dobrý or good work, a ètyøka is for dostateèný or sufficient work, and a pìtka is for nedostateèný or insufficient work. If you have even one pìtka, then you are a repetent, which means you have to repeat the year. In vysoká ¹kola, the system is a little different. There are only three grades, and if you get lower than a trojka, or three, then you fail the year and have to repeat.
In the classroom itself, there are several names for types of pupils common in all societies. There is the ¹plhoun, or teacher's pet, there is the ¹prt or swot, or even geek, and also the ¾alobníèek, or the telltale. For children who misbehave, they have to být po ¹kole, or stay after shcool, and clean the blackboards or do extra homework. And this punishment is also meted out to children who chodìjí za ¹kolu, or skip school.
Well, that's all we have time for this week. Next week we will have a look at sickness and health in Czech. So until then, mìjte se fajn, or take care.
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